Let’s talk about English. In Indonesia, English have been taught since Elementary school to university. Through this emerging trend, many students from affluent countries avail themselves of western education which they consider as an advantage in their career. This was also significant in the expansion of the language in its grammatical structure. Essay are short pieces of writing with a focus on a single subject. Fennel had also observed these significant changes in the English language. Old English. To note, Old English had four cases: the nominative, accusative, genitive and dative cases that are emphasized by adding letter/s at the end of the word. The answer is that the main influence on English actually came from the Germanic tribes who settled in central Europe. Updated September 21, 2019 In composition, development (also known as elaboration) is the process of adding informative and illustrative details to support the main idea in a paragraph or essay. Why? As the art of teaching is constantly changing and new methods are constantly developing we can surely say that this process is going straight forward. However, scholars believed that they influenced the grammatical structure of the language (Baugh & Cable, p. 82-83). The Celts were bronze and iron-age inhabitants and when they reached Britain they pushed the earlier settlers into the remote corners of the nation through their mighty weapons. The language descended from North Germanic tribes who settled in England in the 5th century. In early times natives of the British Isles were invaded and often conquered forcing the adaptation of new sounds and expressions. The branches of this Indo-European language include Latin and the modern Romance languages, the Germanic languages, the group of Indo-Iranian languages, which would include Hindi and Sanskrit, the various Slavic languages, the Baltic languages of Latvian and Lithuanian, but not Estonian, Greek, and other Celtic languages. Introduction: Development and History of Australian English The growth and domination the English Language has seen globally is not only unprecedented, but comes as no surprise; "The spread of the English language and its culture over the world is a major event in human history"(Algeo, 2005, pp.6). Some would even take English lessons in other countries to acquire fluency and competency. Language teaching and learning is a very complex phenomenon and different people have different beliefs about the nature of it. This period gave way to the advancement of the language in terms of words incorporation from other native languages specifically the Northern European and some Germanic tribes. This is applied to strong verb, while in weak verbs, word endings used are –ed(e), -d(e), or –t(e). Essay, 9 pages. (457). For example, drinken, from Old English drincan “to drink,” became first of all drinke and then drink (Baugh and Cable, 1993, p. 155). The people talking this language spread to the northern coast of Europe in the time of Roman Empire. For example, the singular neuter had an ending –a, feminine had –o, masculine had –n. Nevertheless, about half of the most commonly used words in Modern English have Old English roots. There were indications that England was inhabited for thousands of years prior to Anglo-Saxon invasion, with its known early inhabitants as the Celts or Scotts. These words are all referred to as cognates, meaning that they are all similar words in different languages that share the same root of origin. Studying a language is a great advantage for our lives. Fennell said that King Henry’s successor Richard II, was renowned as the lion’s heart “…who spoke little or no English at all, and spent only six months in total on English soil” (p. 57). Any pronoun before the verb is the subject, and after the verb it is either the direct or indirect object. In the middle of the XI century, the rulers of France conquered Britain. The history of writing traces the development of expressing language by letters or other marks and also the studies and descriptions of these developments.. Not long when the Germans formed a kingdom known in history as the Anglo-Saxon heptarchy. English is a West Germanic language that originated from Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Britain in the mid 5th to 7th centuries AD by Anglo-Saxon migrants from what is now northwest Germany, southern Denmark and the Netherlands. Thus, Germanic tribes began arriving and settling in Kent. The history of the law of England and Wales has developed in tandem with the peculiarly English unwritten constitution, which sets out the broad principles on which the common law is based. For instance, He commanded them that they should tie him up. English became the established national language just at the point in history when colonial expansion was beginning. Further, she observed slight consonantal changes in such that certain voiced consonants became voiceless and other voiceless consonants became voiced (p. 97). These tribes, the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes, crossed the North Sea from what today is Denmark and northern Germany. Continue reading. Old English did not sound or look like English today. In general, the first person singular of the Middle English present tense verbs end in –e, the second person had –est, while the third person had –eb. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The decay of inflectional endings was attributed to the influence of Vikings in their language and at the same time, the Germanic language has a stress on the first syllable and not on endings. Through this also, war is avoided, common goals are set for the good of all, and poor countries are taken into account by international organization. In this global period, English language is considered as the world’s official language through which, all countries are united heading towards future economic progress and common understanding of all people in the whole world. Celts and Celtic language as they say had very little contribution in the Old English, as they tried to trace some of those words. Essay, 5 pages. It is easy therefore to presume that English is a by-product of the development of many languages in Europe which had only one origin. Many words were invented for the every day life such as sun, moon, sheep, field and wood. Although, many historians believed and developed the hypothesis that English language and other languages in many parts of Europe were identical because of evidences of similarities of many words. Honorable judges, distinguished teachers, dear participants and all my friends, good morning. Throughout its history English has been influenced by the varieties of language. Both essays aim to spark people’s attention and address important national issues of their countries. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Categories English Language, The History Of English Language. Middle English period (1066-1500) in the History of the English Language The Development of the English Language in the middle Ages. It was also usual in the Middle English the Object -Verb sequence whereas the Modern English follows the Verb-Object pattern; for example : then fell he down, which is contrast with today’s grammar structure as then he fell down. This development in English language was obviously an influence of Roman in their language. also offered here. Paragraph, Essay and Composition are the most required one. It is also necessary to understand that equitable principles are distinctive from, but not necessarily incompatible with, those of common law” Discuss. Before 4 million years human beings and chimpanzees had common ancestor. Native English speakers now would have great difficulty understanding Old English. Continue reading this essay Then as England begins to defy the world, the enormous influences o But, ultimately, invasions and settlements had been the major factors for this development. Novel as a literary genre enjoyed the highest level of glory in the 18 th century. On the other hand, Latin had six cases such as nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative and ablative. These languages include German, Dutch, Austrian, and Swedish. The Development of English English is a language that is widely used all over the world, and English as a language has developed through history, and it has changed from its basic origins, when it was referred to as 'Old English' to the modern English that is used today, which is referred to as 'Modern English'. The Globalization of English and the English Language Classroom, Would you agree that ‘There is an evident contrast between Othello’s description of his language and the language itself’, English as the Most Widely Spread Language, Ap English Language Composition Free Response Questions, Personal Reflection In Research Study Skills English Language, Benefits Of Technology In Education English Language, Introduction To Gay Marriage English Language, Politics and the English Language Answers, Importance of the English Language in Present Day World, Studying the English language in an English-Speaking country, Effects of slang language in the english language. Eventually, he accepted Christianity and was baptized. Periods in the development of English. Kiwi Families editor Rochelle Gribble talks to Dr Ian Hunter, author or 'Write that Essay!' Their language was a part of Germanic branch of Indo-European Family. The history of English begins a little after A.D. 600. Case is always demonstrated by position. Other features to note are the lack of gender and absence of nominative and accusative case forms.... Why is English so much fun? Verb Form The Middle English had a grammatical rule similar to the Modern English. According to history, they arrived around 500 BC with language known for being the first Indo-European tongue to be spoken in Britain. In 787 to 850 AD, a new invasion and settlement had taken place; the Scandinavian under King Guthrum invaded Britain which was under King Alfred. So, since the last centuries human beings have not found any signs how actually language developed because ve… English as a Global Language: What are ‘Kachru’s Three Circles of English’? History And Development Of The English Language English Language Essay. Its the way through which we share our ideas and thoughts with others. “Why” is the question that we are all asking. However, it is often stated that the history of the English language started when the three Germanic tribes, the Angles, the Saxons, and the Jutes arrived in Britain in the fifth century A.D, from across the North Sea from what is today known as Denmark and Northern Germany, and invaded the country. Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly. The settlement of these people in England not only involved political and linguistic assimilation but also culture and religion which are essential in the development of language. The origin of the English language before the renaissance is divided into two periods. What is important is that the language displays continuity through the ages, and this adds to the interest about the evolution of English as a language. (A (Very) Brief History of the English Language) . Living languages never remain static. English As International Language Essay 846 Words | 4 Pages. Here we have made a vast collection of English paragraph, English Essay and Composition for the Students of Class … As the Danes were defeated by King Alfred, they withdrew from King Alfred’s territory but remained in Britain. These Anglo-Saxon spoke Germanic dialect which had some similarities with the original settlers, the Celts which eventually blended with them. The old English had very many Latin words, and the influence of it is felt in the Queen’s English which adopted in its use of words such as thou, art, thy. Anglo-Saxon was a group of different races with the Germanic people as the dominant among them who arrived in Britain during the 5th and 6th AD upon the invitation of the King of Briton to help them against Roman invaders. The invasion of the Romans and the collapse of the Empire lay the ground for the settlement of Anglo-Saxon, while the influx of more Germanic tribesmen overlay the founding of a new nation. Words such as mass, vicar, priest, prayer, solemn all are Latin but fully incorporated into English. English is an international language, that have used by people around the world to communicate and make people easy to communicate each other. Get a verified writer to help you with History of English Language. The influence that the original Indo-European language is obvious even today, even though there is no written record to substantiate the fact. These changes have been observed in the Modern English. (Fischer, p. 211), History of English Language. Throughout the development process, especially coming into the Middle Ages, English language had survived its –s plural form and the weak –n form become infrequent as in the case of oxen, brethren, children and oxen. For example, when the word for 'father' in English is taken, it is 'pitr' in Sanskrit; it is 'vater' in German, 'pater' in Latin. All Rights Reserved. History Of English Language English Language Essay. English is one of languages that have to be master. about the difference between writing History and English essays. Paragraphs and essays can be developed in many different ways. This was the time when the inhabitants of Britain spoke a Celtic language, but soon after the invasion, these people were pushed into what is today known as Scotland, Ireland and Wales. English literature includes prose fictions, short stories, drama, novels and poetry among other writings. Apologia For Poetries of Sir Philip Sidney has a semblance of essay though in uncertain style. The invading Germanic tribes spoke similar languages, which in Britain developed into what we now call Old English. This group had acquired influences of the Latin culture including language that after the collapse of Roman Empire in their country arrived in Britain to find settlement also. 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