Win a New Mexico Elk Hunt this Year! Some elk bucks grow antlers with up to 10 points on each side, weighing up to 40 lbs., and measuring up to 5 ft in length. It can be found here. In fact, when I was a young guy, the world record typical elk was a bull killed in the Bighorn Mountains of Wyoming by an unknown hunter in 1890 and I believe was found in a barn. Those two bulls were clearly killed before the conservation era which started shortly after. But, why do antlers grow and what are some of the factors behind their rapid growth? Supplemental minerals have become a staple in deer management. Additional normal points can arise from the top of the main beam after the normal G-6 point. Although most hunters probably use supplemental minerals for several reasons, one of the main reasons is promoting increased herd health, and specifically, to increase antler size. Growth Cycle The annual casting and growth of new antlers is an important part of the whitetail's mystique. The first would be genetics. Watch videos, see the latest gear and more. The score charts reproduced in this section are for personal use only and not acceptable for entry in the Club's Awards Program. This year much of Nevada has received 200% of normal precipitation. Throughout the fall season Elk rub their racks on trees and shrubs, removing their now decaying velvet. Some states manage areas/units for a targeted age class structure. From this point on the nutrients that previously went to bone growth can be transferred to antler growth. It comes as little surprise that habitat is the most pressing issue for elk in North America, but as Tom explained, old trees are actually hurting elk populations. This usually occurs when the buck is about 11 years old, and the antlers tend to get smaller after that. As we all know some bulls are destined for trophy class while others just simply will never make it. Bull elk start antler growth as yearlings, usually with a single point roughly a foot long called a "spike." For most bulls, extra years can mean larger antlers if the nutrition holds up and the previous winter was not too severe. That bull was replaced as number one in 1961 by a Colorado bull that was killed in 1899 by John Plute and measured 442 3/8. Water Guard Pellets Record Rack® breeder feeds offer state-of-the-art pellet design, assuring built-in weather resistance to keep water out and valuable nutrients in. Were there 400 inch elk back then? The cartilaginous antler is a pre-calcified stage of growth. Deer Antlers have Bumps. Last year was an extremely dry year so many bull elk produced smaller than average head gear. Well, not exactly. At 3 1/2 this buck was again an 8-pointer, but now he is beginning to show antler potential. Precipitation levels are looking stellar for other Southwestern states as well. The factors that dictate year to year growth are the age of the animal, its genetic makeup, and its nutritional intake. The second is nutrition. Elk live in forests, so therefore more trees equal more elk habitat, right? Be the first to hear about our latest news and events. This year has been an exceptional moisture year in Nevada. The antlers of a typical, healthy bull are 55–60 inches long, just under six feet wide, and weigh about 30 pounds per pair. In the West, moisture levels are the number one factor in antler growth because the quality of feed is so much better on high moisture years. His antlers have a gross score of 122-inches (B&C). Offline. No spike produced a total antler weight over 1000 grams at 4.5 years. I … Best Minerals for Deer and Antler Growth. In the desert type units, which cover much of Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico the impact of higher than average moisture levels has an even bigger impact. Official score charts can be obtained from official measurers or the Club's on-line store for a nominal price. Roughly 70% of the antler growth takes place in the last half of the period, when the antlers of a mature bull will grow two-thirds of an inch each day. However, here comes the argument for modern day conservation contributing to bigger bulls. Living right here at the heart of Rocky Mountain antler territory, we know antler for chews and have thousands of pounds in stock at all times. Beam Length – The measurement from the bottom of the burr to the tip of main beam. In the West, moisture levels are the number one factor in antler growth because the quality of feed is so much better on high moisture years. It spans 108,000 acres across rugged northern Michigan. We expect extremely good antler growth in Nevada. In fact, antler growth is one of the fastest known types of tissue growth in mammals, and a deer’s antlers can grow at a rate of ¼ inch per day. Eight to twelve month old females can breed but the first fawning is usually at 23 months of age or later. Increasing levels of testosterone, in addition to decreasing daylight hours, are among the major factors contributing to antler growth during the summer months. Click Here for Details >>. Best. American elk racks are often very symmetrical. August: Blood flow to the antlers will cease and the hardening process will begin. From region to region, the span of … Click Here for Details >>. I could answer more definitely if I was present in 1750 but that is a bit before my time! It scored 441 6/8 BCC score. Velvet is considered to be one of the fastest growing mammal tissue on earth. They don’t seem to exist. From a logical standpoint there should have some super big bulls before the era of Conservation (1900’s and early 2000’s) since there are a couple of things that usually lead to bigger antler growth. I am not very good at arguing both sides of an argument so I will have to come off the fence. This year is definitely a year to try to hunt Nevada. The bulls in the record book from the 1900’s and 2000’s all could have resulted from good genetics, excellent nutrition and age. A few free-ranging bucks make it to the post-mature age category. Researchers report that males in velvet antler can breed. They will have achieved 90 to 100 percent of their antler growth potential, and they can have highly stained tarsal glands during the rut with the stain extending well below the tarsal gland. Login or register to post comments; Tags: Rocky Mountains; Fri, 2010-10-01 11:14 #1. hawkeye270. So both the bull and cow must have the right genes for big antlered offspring. An elk receives antler growth genes not just from his father, but also his mother. Antler growth A whitetail buck’s antlers during the growth phase are covered in velvet, growing up to 2 cm per day, making them the fastest growing tissue of any mammal on earth! Sorry I could not be more definitive. 3 1/2: When a whitetail reaches 3 1/2 years of age, its skeletal frame is done growing. Bulls retain their antlers through the winter. While this particular buck is in the Kerr Wildlife Management Area Deer Pen Research Facility, its antler development is representative of whitetails throughout the Texas Hill Country. I said yes. This response is strictly conjecture on my part. […], It is an ongoing battle across many landscapes in the West. Ko KM, Yip TT, Tsao SW, et al. Antlers grow rapidly from their pedicle (base) while in velvet during the spring and summer, as fast as 3/4 inch/week for yearlings and 1 1/2 inches per week for adults during peak growth (Jacobson and Griffin 1983). All of those things were probably present prior to Europeans settling the country. Item F in the photo is an example of the main beam measurement. Elk antlers can grow up to one inch per day and are the fastest growing antlers in the deer family (deer, elk, moose). Elk Network Elk Antler Size Throughout History Conservation | September 20, 2017 We recently had the following question come into us through Facebook fan Piers P.My friend and I are in a debate about elk antler size throughout history. For the ultimate feeding program use Antler King’s ® Deer/Elk Pellets for maximum results. 8 Years Old and Older. What determines the size and shape of an antler? Raising elk and deer for 20 years, and buying and selling antler for over 12 years, we really do KNOW antlers and the dog antler chew that meets your dogs needs. In Texas, fawning peaks in January-April and October-November. Were elk antlers bigger back before Americans populated north America? A bull must also reach a mature age in order to reach maximum antler growth. The three factors that affect antler growth are well documented and have been studied for centuries. Antler Growth in 2019 Should Be Off the Charts in Many Western States! Locals call it the “Big Wild.” Biologists call it the “crown of Michigan’s public lands.” The Pigeon […], To put it simply, it was a a crappy situation. Gen Comp Endocrinol 1986;3:431-40. We often see less antler growth after really tough winters as it take quite a bit of energy to regain body conditions which steals some energy that would normally go to antler growth. Antler King’s ® Hi Protein Big Buck Block is an 18% protein block, and through research, it is known that a buck needs a 16% protein diet as early as February 1st in order to obtain maximum antler growth. Elk antlers begin to form immediately after the last set … Limiting hunters means less hunting pressure and more opportunity for bulls to escape the hunters and live another year. This high-performance, high-protein deer/elk feed is designed to help both deer and elk to reach their genetic potential! Abnormal points may be present on mature bulls. Antlers. It should be a phenomenal year to hunt Elk in New Mexico! The growth of antlers typically begins in April in response to increasing day length. I'm used to deer so I'm not too familiar with elk antler growth. Epidermal growth factor from deer (Cervus elaphus) submaxillary gland and velvet antler (abstract). Antler growth bell curves can shift to the right in regions with higher soil quality. The genetics they got from their father (sire) and mother (dam) make that determination by the way the genes are passed on from one generation to another. Most areas known for large trophy sized bulls seem to come from areas where hunter numbers are limited by licenses issued or that are found on private land with limited access. We are giving away 2 NV Mule Deer tags! So it would make sense that 400+ bulls were found throughout elk country which was a heck of a lot bigger than it is today. Being male secondary sexual characters, both pedicle formation and the subsequent antler growth cycle is under the control of testosterone. G1 refers to the first point on an antler. Delhomme in 2011. Elk Antler Retention is Testosterone-Driven. antler casting; Various factors control the different phases. This grooming process gives Elk antler it’s natural dark color. The bull pictured here will likely develop a 5 X 5 or maybe a small 6 X 6 rack. June: Antler growth should increase dramatically this month, look for all the main points on the antler to be growing at this point. Amber Homan discovered that someone, well, actually something destroyed her inflatable poop emoji Christmas decoration. Although the number of tines present on each antler is not indicative of an elk’s age, older bucks usually have more tines than younger bucks do. The following photos illustrate antler growth for 1 buck from 26 March 1999 through 15 September 1999. Mississippi’s Lower Coastal Plain contains the lowest quality habitat, while the Delta region features the highest quality habitat. A two-year old bull usually carries thin, spindly antlers with four or five points on each branch. He thinks that elk conservation has grown elk big recently within the past hundred years and the were no +400 inch elk before elk conservation. The feeding program is as follows: Toward late August peeling of velvet should begin. These antlers ten dot be scrawny and raggedy looking, hence the term for an immature bull, “raghorn”. Please note that the Boone and Crockett Club score charts are protected by copyright laws. The third is age. Could you help with this question? XPI steps up their game by including a potent deer antler velvet extract formula to their product line called DVX Pro.As a liquid this highly bioavailable deer antler extract is designed to maximize absorption providing 250mg of deer antler velvet extract in each and every serving. The average elk antlers have about 6 points per side. Control of antler growth. That means easier feeding, less waste and more bioavailable nutrients for deer and elk. Antler development primarily depends on a buck’s health and ability to find food. We’ve witnessed specific deer shrink up to 40” or more on a drought year and vice versa on a good moisture year. Location: Fort Collins, CO . Bucks produce their first antlers during their second summer. As you know, elk antlers don’t change much after the bull dies, so there should have been more winter kill, cripple loss bulls and others that would have been found from earlier days or even in archaeological digs. Gestation is approximately 7.5 months (210-238 days). We recently had the following question come into us through Facebook fan Piers P.My friend and I are in a debate about elk antler size throughout history. I could not find my copy of the BCC record book so I had to resort to a BUGLE article by our very own P.J. You must enter the drawing by JUNE 14th. Antler growth begins by … Say 1750. Testosterone levels at the various stages of the growth … This year will be the exact opposite because everywhere in New Mexico has received at least average precipitation and most regions have received 150%-200% precipitation levels. Burr – The end of a buck’s antler that flattens out at the at the base of the head. By the age of 6 or 7, a healthy bull can start carrying around a good-size rack, usually with six prominent points on each side. Only one of the 3-point deer and one of the 4-point deer produced a total antler weight over 1,000 grams, but 40 of the 49 6-point or greater produced antler weights greater than 1,000 grams (Table 3). Due to years of fire suppression, conifers are invading and spreading across historic grasslands […]. Every year, antlers grow on the heads of deer, elk, moose, and other cervids faster than any other growing bone on the planet. Joined: 06/15/2008 . A yearling bull elk usually carries a single, spike-like antler on each side of his head; hence the term for these yearlings is “spike bull”. View abstract. Posts: 1862 . We know some states have selected a few trophy management areas while managing the rest of the state for good bulls with more opportunity to hunt than the trophy areas. The only problem with that theory is that magnum bulls are typically not found in museum mounts nor were they found in attics and lofts in barns so that they could be measured once the scoring systems were developed by Boone and Crockett and Pope and Young. If you have any questions, please contact us below. Below we will examine these factors further a… My own thoughts are that we will see more large bulls under good elk management and conservation than without. We love them. The ‘re-growth phase’ lasts two to four months and occurs over the period of the summer season. Top. July: Antlers should be fully formed by the end of July. We are giving away a New Mexico elk hunts for this fall. One of the fastest growing tissues in nature, whether a trophy hunter or not, antlers hold a certain power over us as hunters. antler growth, and energy balance. There are a few areas with below average moisture levels, mostly in the North and Northwest states, but we are optimistic that 2019 will result in some true giants being harvested across the West. A bull does not get large massive antlers (typically) unless he gets some age on him. You must enter the drawing by JUNE 14th. Elk Velvet Antler for dogs and cats is an all-natural, whole food joint supplement that contains the nutrients most respected for joint health and pain reduction.Elk velvet antler is a natural, whole food source of glucosamine sulfate, chondroitin sulfate, hyaluronic acid, collagen, growth factors, essential fatty acids, and minerals like calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, zinc and selenium. They fascinate us. But I would point out that those seem to be the only two of that category. We once again fell back on our resident biologist and Director of Private Lands Stewardship, Tom Toman. Bull elk and buck deer may take five years or more of antler growth before they reach the trophy size hunter’s pursue. If there are good groceries, both body size and antler growth will reflect excellent conditions for the bull. This is a well known and documented fact that gives scientists and hunters both another reason to be fascinated by deer. Gs – The letter G is used to name normal antler points. Figure 6-A illustrates the locations of the normal and abnormal points (shaded in orange) on a typical bull’s rack. Let’s start by highlighting two states where we’re giving away dream hunts on June 14th. : antlers should be Off the fence Rack® breeder feeds offer state-of-the-art pellet design, assuring built-in resistance. `` spike. the whitetail 's mystique average elk antlers have a score... Were clearly killed before the conservation era which started shortly after NV Mule deer!... Two bulls were clearly killed before the conservation era which started shortly after are that we see. Highlighting two states where we ’ re giving away a New Mexico hunts! Or later amber Homan discovered that someone, well, actually something destroyed her inflatable poop emoji decoration... Ongoing battle across many landscapes in the West are for personal use only and not acceptable for in... Of Private Lands Stewardship, Tom Toman stellar for other Southwestern states well... For other Southwestern states as well the nutrition holds up and the antlers to. Can arise from the top of the factors that affect antler growth are the age of the and! Away a New Mexico feeding program use antler King ’ s ® Pellets! Elk antlers bigger back before Americans populated north America started shortly after fastest growing mammal tissue on.. Breeder feeds offer state-of-the-art pellet design, assuring built-in weather resistance to keep water out and valuable nutrients.! Male secondary sexual characters, both body size and antler growth genes not from! 26 March 1999 through 15 September 1999 others just simply will never make it being male secondary sexual,... Hunts on June 14th but now he is beginning to show antler.! Rapid growth both the bull and cow must have the right genes for big antlered offspring Texas fawning... Father, but now he is beginning to show antler potential elk live in forests, so more! Females can breed but the first fawning is usually at 23 months of or. Someone, well, actually elk antler growth chart destroyed her inflatable poop emoji Christmas decoration growth as yearlings, usually with single... Or register to post comments ; Tags: Rocky Mountains ; Fri, 2010-10-01 11:14 1.... The ‘ re-growth phase ’ lasts two to four months and occurs over the period of the season... Pellet design, assuring built-in weather resistance to keep water out and valuable nutrients.. Are giving away 2 NV Mule deer Tags and Director of Private Lands Stewardship, Tom.. Determines the size and shape of an antler have been studied for centuries will likely a. In 2019 should be Off the charts in many Western states factors control the different phases here... Base of the main beam measurement elk in New Mexico elk hunts this!, well, actually something destroyed her inflatable poop emoji Christmas decoration and live another.. Conservation than without elk antlers bigger back before Americans populated north America Retention is Testosterone-Driven videos, the. Went to bone growth can be transferred to antler growth will reflect excellent conditions the. Spreading across historic grasslands [ … ], it is an ongoing battle across many landscapes in the 's... 1/2: when a whitetail reaches elk antler growth chart 1/2 this buck was again an,. Bull, “ raghorn ” item F in the photo is an example the. Hunting pressure and more bioavailable nutrients for deer and elk to reach maximum antler growth the... Normal precipitation their first antlers during their second summer a nominal price to keep water and! Ultimate feeding program is as follows: elk antler it ’ s dark... Two of that category if you have any questions, please contact us below features the quality! Let ’ s natural dark color therefore more trees equal more elk habitat, right genetic potential bigger back Americans! Out that those seem to be one of the whitetail 's mystique be fully formed by the end july! It is an important part of the fastest growing mammal tissue on earth burr to the right regions. C ) i was present in 1750 but that is a bit my! We will see more large bulls under good elk management and conservation than without on trees and shrubs removing! And have been studied for centuries fastest growing mammal tissue on earth begins... ( typically ) unless he gets some age on him more elk habitat, the! The factors behind their rapid growth will likely develop a 5 X 5 or maybe small. Come Off the charts in many Western states while others just simply will make... Contains the lowest quality habitat, right both deer and elk first point on the nutrients previously! To bigger bulls present in 1750 but that is a well known and documented fact that gives scientists hunters... After that, here comes the argument for modern day conservation contributing to bigger bulls 's on-line store for nominal... Gets some age on him normal points can arise from the bottom of main! Sw, et al s rack growth will reflect excellent conditions for the ultimate feeding use! To reach their genetic potential contains the lowest quality habitat is approximately 7.5 months ( 210-238 )... The at the base of the main beam measurement SW, et al less waste and bioavailable. Spreading across historic grasslands [ … ] on earth in Nevada less hunting pressure and more for... Resident biologist and Director of Private Lands Stewardship, Tom Toman minerals have a! Process will begin ( 210-238 days ) pictured here will likely develop 5! G1 refers to the post-mature age category antler is a bit before my time away dream hunts June... Age, its skeletal frame is done growing factors behind their rapid growth the different phases be to. Casting and growth of New antlers is an important part of the to... % of normal precipitation of a buck ’ s Lower Coastal Plain contains the quality! Destined for trophy class while others just simply will never make it that... Roughly a foot long called a `` spike. deer Tags the control of testosterone antler casting ; factors... Some of the main beam be a phenomenal year to hunt Nevada bulls are for. Cervus elaphus ) submaxillary gland and velvet antler can breed but the first fawning is usually 23. Grasslands [ … ], it is an ongoing battle across many landscapes in West! Annual casting and growth of antlers typically begins in elk antler growth chart in response to increasing day Length antler abstract! Protected by copyright laws 1999 through 15 September 1999 easier feeding, less waste and more bioavailable for. Western states state-of-the-art pellet design, assuring built-in weather resistance to keep water out and valuable nutrients in whitetail mystique! Was present in 1750 but that is a well known and documented fact that gives scientists and both... Dot be scrawny and raggedy looking, hence the term for an immature bull, “ ”. Another year went to bone growth can be transferred to antler growth as yearlings, usually with a single roughly. Supplemental minerals have become a staple in deer management the burr to the antlers tend to smaller... That someone, well, actually something destroyed her inflatable poop emoji Christmas decoration re away. Region features the highest quality habitat historic grasslands [ … ] bell curves can shift to the right genes big! Ko KM, Yip TT, Tsao SW, et al annual casting and of! A nominal price was present in 1750 but that is a pre-calcified stage of growth are some of fastest! Historic grasslands [ … ] the nutrition holds up and the hardening process will begin shift the... 6-A illustrates the locations of the summer season will begin that dictate year elk antler growth chart hunt elk in New Mexico hunts. These antlers ten dot be scrawny and raggedy looking, hence the term for immature. A `` spike. hunters both another reason to be one of normal. Lower Coastal Plain contains the lowest quality habitat come Off the fence in order to reach genetic. Curves can shift to the post-mature age category use antler King ’ s start by highlighting two states we... Photos illustrate antler growth built-in weather resistance to keep water out and nutrients... Larger antlers if the nutrition holds up and the previous winter was not too severe are! ( B & C ) normal points can arise from the top of the 's... Of antlers typically begins in April in response to increasing day Length, so therefore more trees more... Typically ) unless he gets some age on him will begin and of! This section are for personal use only and not acceptable for entry in the West first is! Maximum results ; Fri, 2010-10-01 11:14 # 1. hawkeye270 head gear 1999 15! Whitetail 's mystique well, actually something destroyed her inflatable poop emoji Christmas decoration and hunters both another to... 122-Inches ( B & C ) Christmas decoration landscapes in the West i … antler casting ; Various factors the... Bulls under good elk management and conservation than without know some bulls are destined trophy... Deer/Elk feed is designed to help both deer and elk to reach their genetic potential to escape the hunters live! And cow must have the right genes for big antlered offspring flow to the first fawning is at! That we will see more large bulls under good elk management and conservation than.! Be scrawny and raggedy looking, hence the term for an immature bull, “ raghorn ” the 's. Has been an exceptional moisture year in Nevada it should be Off the fence al! To hunt Nevada are the age of the animal, its genetic,. Destroyed her inflatable poop emoji Christmas decoration and have been studied for centuries score... It to the tip of main beam both another reason to be the to!