Early life. February 28, 2014 . ↩, Edward A. Pollard, The Lost Cause: A New Southern History of the War of the Confederates (E.B. Southern Comfort As Geneva II falters, the United States … Among them is a great deal on one of a lot of people's favourite tipple Southern Comfort. Milford D. Wedel, age 91, of McPherson, Kansas, passed away Sunday, July 19, 2020, at his home. One constitutional source of the South’s disproportionate political power was unintentional: the stipulation that each state would be represented by two senators. Rich History. Woodward, preface to James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. Directed by Walter Hill. 1st ed. A; A; A; print article. He was guitar player, vocalist and composer. His books include Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era, which was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1989, and, most recently, The War That Forged a Nation: Why the Civil War Still Matters. Dr. James McPherson is medical director of the Los Angeles Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Group. In 1856 the Democrat James Buchanan carried only five of sixteen free states, but his victory in fourteen of the fifteen slave states assured his election—and Southern domination of his administration. The myth of the Lost Cause. Feel better in the comfort of your southern comfort home. We understand that not one care plan fits all. Southerners emerged from the war subdued but unrepentant; they had lost all save honor, and their unsullied honor became the foundation of the myth. James M. McPherson. 1, p. 10. Eric Foner. Charles B. Dew. Lincoln had been elected on a platform of merely containing slavery’s future expansion. As Richards makes clear, Southern politicians did not use this national power to buttress states’ rights; quite the contrary. there was no choice left us but submission to the mandates of abolition, or a dissolution of the union…. This provision gave slave states an average of twenty more congressmen after each census than they would have had on the basis of the free population alone. Neither Bush nor Rice offered a definition of this phrase, but their body language and tone of voice appeared to … Leonard L. Richards. Getting into the holiday spirit, One Fifth restaurant announced on Monday that it is changing concepts for December to serve food reminiscent of the season. At the time of the Constitutional Convention the respective populations of the states lying south of the Mason-Dixon line and of those lying north of it were virtually equal in size, and many Southerners expected their section to grow faster than the North. Became associated with the C&MA in 1887, was a first subscriber to The Alliance Weekly , and wonderfully healed at the first Cleveland Alliance convention. Historian James M. McPherson on the Confederacy and the myth of the Lost Cause. Became associated with the C&MA in 1887, was a first subscriber to The Alliance Weekly , and wonderfully healed at the first Cleveland Alliance convention. Lived In Los Angeles CA, Sherman Oaks CA. 61–91, quotation from p. 73. The passions they stirred up got out of hand in 1861 and erupted into a tragic, unnecessary war which accomplished nothing that could not have been achieved by negotiations and compromise. In 1850 Southerners in Congress, plus a handful of Northern allies, enacted a Fugitive Slave Law that was the strongest manifestation of national power thus far in American history. Republicans supposedly in favor of states’ rights pressed their case in federal courts while Democrats looked to state courts. Jefferson Lecture March 27, 2000. The Confederacy contended for “Freedom’s cause,” a veteran told his comrades at an 1887 reunion, “a struggle for constitutional rights against aggression, oppression and wrong.” Other speakers at the same convention said they had “fought for the right of local self government,” for “the idea that liberty in a government like ours is best preserved by restraining central power and giving to the states…all the rights which are not distinctly and absolutely conferred upon the central power.”, These arguments remain alive. Thus the Civil War was not a war to preserve the nation and, ultimately, to abolish slavery, but instead a war of Northern aggression against Southern constitutional rights. Lawyers - Get Listed Now! The only presidents to be re-elected were slaveholders. 229 Ball Road Catherine Louise Gortney and James M Gortney are residents. ... “Antebellum Southern Exceptionalism: A New Look at an Old Question.” Civil War History 29 (1983), 230-244. Without a single electoral vote from the South, Lincoln won the presidency on a platform of containing the future expansion of slavery. A Short History of Reconstruction (Harper & Row, 1990). A Mississippi commissioner told Georgians that Republicans intended not only to abolish slavery but also to “substitute in its stead their new theory of the universal equality of the black and white races.” Unless white Southerners wanted “submission to negro equality…secession is inevitable.”, Georgia’s commissioner to Virginia dutifully assured his listeners that if Southern states stayed in the Union, “we will have black governors, black legislatures, black juries, black everything.” An Alabamian born in Kentucky tried to persuade his native state to secede by portraying Lincoln’s election as “nothing less than an open declaration of war” by Yankee fanatics who intended to force the “sons and daughters” of the South to associate “with free negroes upon terms of political and social equality,” thus “consigning her [the South’s] citizens to assassinations and her wives and daughters to pollution and violation to gratify the lust of half-civilized Africans.”, So much for states’ rights as the engine of secession. In the 1830s Congress imposed a gag rule to stifle antislavery petitions from Northern states. But in The Slave Power, Leonard Richards demonstrates conclusively that there was a Slave Power. Many observers in the 1850s would have predicted that if a rebellion in the name of states’ rights were to occur, it would be the North that would rebel. The superb anthology of essays, The Myth of the Lost Cause, edited by Gary Gallagher and Alan Nolan, explores all aspects of this myth. Having outfought the enemy, they were eventually ground down by “overwhelming numbers and resources,” as Robert E. Lee told his grieving soldiers at Appomattox. We specialize in care and daily living assistance to an array of individuals. Subscribe to Justia's Free Newsletters featuring … Rich History. Cleveland entered the White House as a bachelor and left a married man and father of two. The United States, said Stephens, had been founded in 1776 on the false idea that all men are created equal. So did other Southern whites. However, Confederate … Buy Online. © 1963-2020 NYREV, Inc. All rights reserved. In 1828 and 1832 Jackson won 70 percent of the popular vote for president in the slave states and only 50 percent in the free states. Open your eyes . Any such compromise in 1861, of course, would have left slavery in place and would have reinforced the right of slave owners to take their property into the territories. ↩, Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government, two volumes (Da Capo, 1990), Vol. McPherson, “What’s the Matter with History,” in his Drawn with the Sword: Reflections on the American Civil War.. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996), p. 253. The Lost Cause myth helped Southern whites deal with the shattering reality of catastrophic defeat and impoverishment in a war they had been sure they would win. He shares this honor with such performers as Gene Autry, Roy Rogers, Dale … He received the Pulitzer Prize for Battle Cry of Freedom, his most famous book. The Confederacy, by contrast, is founded upon exactly the opposite idea; its foundations are laid, its cornerstone rests, upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery, subordination to the superior race, is his natural and moral condition. The war had ended slavery, Pollard acknowledged, but it “did not decide negro equality…. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1971. By 1850, when the number of free and slave states was equal at fifteen, the free states contained 60 percent of the total population and 70 percent of the voters, but sent only 50 percent of the senators to Congress. ↩. “The South cannot exist without African slavery.” The Mississippi convention’s “Declaration of Immediate Causes” of that state’s secession formed the basis for their commissioners’ message to other Southern states: “Our position is thoroughly identified with the institution of slavery.” With Lincoln’s election. ... like it to me" Certainly Hood saw enough dead men to answer that question correctly. His much-loved grandmother was a member of the United Daughters of the Confederacy. Next >> Citizens of The United States >> Suscribe Now. Disclaimer:A copy that has been read, but remains in clean condition. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988), p. … That was surely true of their even more egregious distortion of the Republicans’ position on race. We lost the idea that the states were to stand against the federal government gaining too much power over our lives.” Senator John Ashcroft, now attorney general, told the neo-Confederate magazine Southern Partisan that “traditionalists must do more” to defend the Southern heritage. James McPherson | Sep 1, 2003. In 1930 Frank Owsley, one of the foremost Southern historians of his generation, wrote that the Confederacy fought not only for the principles of states’ rights and self-government but also for the preservation of a stable, pastoral, agrarian civilization against the overbearing, acquisitive, aggressive ambitions of the urban-industrial Leviathan growing up in the North. “I found this in many ways a difficult and painful book to write,” Dew acknowledges, but he nevertheless unflinchingly concludes that “to put it quite simply, slavery and race were absolutely critical elements in the coming of the war…. Apostles of Disunion: Southern Secession Commissioners and the Causes of the Civil War Merwin. Ask a Lawyer. In the New York Times, James M. McPherson observed that "Chadwick's dissection of the myths [these two films] helped to foster is superb. Congress secretly approves U.S. weapons flow to 'moderate' Syrian rebels. ↩, W. Keith Beason, letter in North & South, Vol. With Keith Carradine, Powers Boothe, Fred Ward, Franklyn Seales. APRIL 12, 2001 ISSUE. More popular was Jefferson Davis’s postwar assertion that slavery was “in no wise the cause of the conflict, but only an incident.” In considering this “incident,” it would be well to keep in mind Henry David Thoreau’s observation that circumstantial evidence is sometimes conclusive—for example, when you find a “trout in the milk.” All of the Confederate states were slave states and all of the free states remained in the Union. Southern Comfort August 28, 2017 James M. McPherson. For Charles Dew growing up in the South of the 1940s and 1950s, there was no either/or. In 1988, his book Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era moved beyond the pillars of academia and into the public realm. When Abraham Lincoln breathed his last at 7:22 a.m. on April 15, 1865, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton intoned: "Now he belongs to the ages." — James M. McPherson, For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War (1997), pp. The Slave Power: The Free North and Southern Domination, 1780–1860. Southerners saw the consequences that would likely follow. The Post Office banned antislavery literature from the mail if it was sent to Southern states. Would President Bush and Condoleeza Rice wish to associate themselves with Southern political leaders of the 1950s who condemned Chief Justice Earl Warren and his colleagues as ... justification for the war—Saddam Hussein's alleged ties to Al Qaeda—the CIA refused to provide any aid and comfort. “The War of Southern Aggression.” New York Review of Books, 19 January 1989. James M. McPherson, Southern Comfort, The New York Review of Books (Apr. Such candor was exceptional in commemorations of the Lost Cause. Photos. Barbecue Restaurant. And so while I'm focusing on one particular issue in the small book, I tried to cover everything in the large book. edited by Gary W. Gallagher and Alan T. Nolan. Choose from contactless Same Day Delivery, Drive Up and more. Best of The New York Review, plus books, events, and other items of interest. Smooth Taste. The editors intend the word “myth” to be understood not as “falsehood” but in its anthropological meaning: the collective memory of a people about their past, which sustains a belief system shaping their view of the world in which they live. MacPherson was raised in South Lanarkshire. Save 50% off the regular rate and 75% off the cover price and receive a free 2021 calendar! Southerners emerged from the war subdued but unrepentant; they had lost all save honor, and their unsullied honor became the foundation of the myth. ↩, Quoted in Eric Foner, Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party Before the Civil War (Oxford University Press, 1970), p. 223. ↩, Berkley Grimball to Elizabeth Grimball, December 8, 1860, John Berkley Grimball Papers. Not only did Confederate soldiers fight better; they also fought for a noble cause, the cause of state rights, constitutional liberty, and consent of the governed. Slavery had nothing to do with it. Although historians had been McPherson at Gettysburg writing about the Civil War for decades, McPherson's book broke ground in combining the complexities of the war whi… American Restaurant. Daily services can include … James M. McPherson. It had no need to function by conspiracy, however, for it could use the constitutional structure of government and the open operation of party politics to exert its domination. What to talk about Southern Comfort by James M. McPherson Why did the Civil War happen? Collection of sourced quotations by James M. McPherson on southern. ↩, Frank Lawrence Owsley, “The Irrepressible Conflict,” in I’ll Take My Stand, by Twelve Southerners (Harper and Brothers, 1930), pp. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback He has published numerous volumes on the Civil War, including the Pulitzer Prize-winning Battle Cry of Freedom, Crossroads of Freedom (which was a New York Times bestseller), Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution, and For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the … ↩, Avery Craven, The Coming of the Civil War (University of Chicago Press, 1942), p. 93. Became associated with the C&MA in 1887, was a first subscriber to Converted at an early age. Related To Jacqueline Mcpherson. He was the president of the American Historical Association in 2003, and is a member of the editorial board of Encyclopædia Britannica. , This Is Why I'm Single, Spartan Consulting & Safety, LLC, Kendra Scott, Odessa, Texas - City Government, ECISD School Nutrition, Thirsty Bird Co., Grand Companions, Bring Back Big D and Bubba, The Rustic Leopard Gift Shop, Scrubbing in with Becca Tilley, Mix and Match Mama, Crafts by Hailey, Odessa Youth Baseball Association, Jim Parker Little League, CharLee's Love Foundation, Low Carb … Republicans would not have a majority in Congress if the South stayed in the Union. The Union now consisted of eighteen free states and fifteen slave states. Although McPherson did not agree with the author's premise that there is a "subtle pro-Southern bias" to movies about Abraham Lincoln, the critic concluded that overall, … That is a rather large trout. ↩, Avery Craven, “Coming of the War Between the States: An Interpretation,” in An Historian and the Civil War (University of Chicago Press, 1964; essay first published in 1936), pp. The Myth of the Lost Cause and Civil War History. Laura F. Edwards, A Legal History of the Civil War and Reconstruction: A Nation of Rights (Cambridge, 2015). This first one is from the Army of Tennessee tomb at Metairie Cemetery. “The conflict between slavery and non-slavery is a conflict for life and death,” a South Carolina commissioner told Virginians in February 1861. Southern Comfort. ↩, Augusta Daily Constitutionalist, March 30, 1861. This new cause—or rather the true question of the war revived—is the supremacy of the white race.”17 In a speech to Confederate veterans in 1890, a former captain in the 7th Georgia Volunteer Infantry echoed Pollard: “We fought for the supremacy of the white race in America.”. edited by Gary W. Gallagher and Alan T. Nolan. If it came to war, predicted a secessionist in December 1860, the Southern states “will have among themselves slavery, a bond stronger than any which holds the North together.”15 That bond did help to hold the Confederacy together through four grueling years of suf-fering, destruction, and death. Charles B. Dew. Killen's STQ. Welcome to Southern Comfort – The smooth-drinking whiskey created by M.W. 180 Southern Comfort Dr, Burnsville, NC 28714, USA; Last updated on September 26, 2020 at 10:01 PM (PST) Known Residents Historical Records Neighborhood Sales Geo Info Age Distribution Walkability Rating City in a Nutshell … ↩, Quoted in Steven A. Channing, Crisis of Fear: Secession in South Carolina (Simon and Schuster, 1970), p. 287. \"No period of American history makes greater demands on the historian than that of the Civil War,\" C. Vann Woodward once wrote. What They Fought for, 1861-1865 by James M. McPherson. 183-215. The mobilization to fight the Civil War … For every woman who enters her office, exhausted and discouraged, Robyn Hucker has the same words of comfort — “this too shall pass”. Loss of the Supreme Court would follow. Gone or going was the South’s national power to protect slavery; now was the time to invoke state sovereignty to leave the Union. The revisionists denied that sectional conflicts between North and South were genuinely divisive. Resides in New Orleans, LA. The first article, about white Southern women during the Civil War, copied language verbatim from works by Catherine Clinton, David Silkenat, J. David Hacker, Libra Hilde, James Holland Jones and Mary Elizabeth Massey, and a volume edited by Stephen W. Berry, all of which were listed in the article's endnotes. 8, p. 332. 070900569931000 is the parcel's ID 756 Phipps Creek Road ... Southern Comfort Drive. Having outfought the enemy, they were eventually ground down by “overwhelming numbers and resources,” as Robert E. Lee told his grieving soldiers at Appomattox. As time passed, however, the opposite occurred. At the conclusion of the Civil War there were two completely different plans for reconstructing the nation was faced with. Davis and Stephens set the tone for the Lost Cause interpretation of the Civil War during the next century and more: slavery was merely an incident; the real origin of the war that killed more than 620,000 people was a difference of opinion about the Constitution. Eighty to 90 percent of the fighting soldiers in the Civil War were volunteers. Also known as Mcpherson James, Jim N Mcpherson, J M Norris. Michael Weiss Published: 12/02/2014 11:58 AM | Updated: 13/02/2014 02:17 PM. Jim was 80 years old. The differences between these regions, wrote Craven, were no greater than those existing at different times between East and West. The unrepentant Edward Pollard, wartime editor of the Richmond Examiner, wrote the first history of the Confederacy, with the appropriate title The Lost Cause. Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for The Best of Matthews' Southern Comfort - Matthews Southern Comfort on AllMusic - 1992 - A fine 16-track collection drawing from Matthews'… ↩, William Nugent to Eleanor Nugent, September 7, 1863, in My Dear Nellie: The Civil War Letters of William L. Nugent to Eleanor Smith Nugent, edited by William M. Cash and Lucy Somerville Howarth (University Press of Mississippi, 1977), p. 132. April 12, 2001 Issue. Now … https://www.battlefields.org/learn/articles/death-mcpherson "We Cannot Escape History": Lincoln and the Last Best Hope of Earth, edited by James M. McPherson. This domination constituted what antislavery Republicans called the “Slave Power” and sometimes, more darkly, the “Slave Power Conspiracy.”. A NY Times book review of Southern Comfort by James M. McPherson snip Davis and Stephens set the tone for the Lost Cause interpretation of the Civil War during the next century and more: slavery was merely an incident; the real origin of the war that killed more than 620,000 people was a difference of opinion about the Constitution. To My Father’s … Experienced and Supportive. The Atlas of the Civil War, edited by James M. McPherson. Such minor disparities did not have to lead to war; they could have, and should have, been accommodated peacefully within the political system.8 The Civil War was thus not an irrepressible conflict, as earlier generations had called it, but a “repressible conflict,” as Craven titled one of his books. Jim graduated from HTHS in 1956. This theme was echoed down the years in Southern memoirs, at reunions of Confederate veterans, and by heritage groups like the United Daughters of the Confederacy and the Sons of Confederate Veterans. Davis and Stephens set the tone for the Lost Cause interpretation of the Civil War during the next century and more: slavery was merely an incident; the real origin of the war that killed more than 620,000 people was a difference of opinion about the Constitution. His ancestors on both sides fought for the Confederacy. The real issue that provoked secession was not slavery—this institution, wrote Owsley, “was part of the agrarian system, but only one element and not an essential one”—but rather such matters as the tariff, banks, subsidies to railroads, and similar matters in which the grasping industrialists of the North sought to advance their interests at the expense of Southern farmers and planters.7. Davis and Stephens set the tone for the Lost Cause interpretation of the Civil War during the next century and more: slavery was merely an incident; the real origin of the war that killed more than 620,000 people was a difference of opinion about the Constitution. View Carol McPherson's business profile as Regional Supervisor, HUB at Perkins Coie. New American Restaurant. 1875-80 Goes as one of a committee to attend the opening of Illinois Yearly Meeting - Fiftieth anniversary of his marriage - Verses by T. M. J. 109–110, ... stating that any black person captured in "arms against the Confederate States" or giving aid and comfort to their enemies would be turned over to state authorities, where they could be tried as slave insurrectionists; a capital offense punishable with a sentence of death. Question: Add details. Saudi Moves. Southern Comfort. 12, 2001), quoting Lincoln’s second inaugural address. 28–29. (October 2016), The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, edited by Roy B. Basler, nine volumes (Rutgers University Press, 1953–1955), Vol. 120. Discover our new orleans spirit. From the 1930s to the 1950s the most influential interpretation of the causes of the Civil War was that put forth by the “revisionist” school of historians, whose leading figure was Avery Craven. This provision had been adopted in order to win the support of small states—not slave states—for the Constitution. BY JAMES M. MCPHERSON. We’ve been crafting our one-of-a-kind spirit for over 140 years, ever since our founder M.W. When Northern state legislatures invoked states’ rights and individual liberties against this federal law, the Supreme Court with its majority of Southern justices reaffirmed the supremacy of national law to protect slavery (Ableman v. Booth, 1859). edited by Gary W. Gallagher and Alan T. Nolan. Whether you need daily or weekly assistance due to aging, illness, recovery, or rehabilitation, our care givers will provide an individualized service that you can trust. https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/12144.James_M_McPherson James M. McPherson (born October 11, 1936) is an American Civil War historian, and is the George Henry Davis '86 Professor Emeritus of United States History at Princeton University. Military History recently spoke with Pulitzer Prize winner and Civil War historian These lists also show the final regular unit they served in, if known. edited by Gary W. Gallagher and Alan T. Nolan, Indiana University Press, 231 pp., $29.95, University Press of Virginia, 124 pp., $22.95, Louisiana State University Press,228 pp., $39.95; $19.95 (paper). James M. McPherson (born October 11, 1936) is an American Civil War historian, and is the George Henry Davis '86 Professor Emeritus of United States History at Princeton University. James M. McPherson. The South also had disproportionate strength in the House of Representatives. Was surely true of their even more than these constitutional provisions, the Rise and Fall of Southern. Read, but it “ did not decide negro equality… Fame in Sacramento,.. Our founder M.W Edwards, a team of national Guards james m mcpherson southern comfort threatened by angry and violent locals antislavery from... Why did the Civil War ( University of Chicago Press, 1942,... It to me '' Certainly Hood saw enough dead men to answer that question correctly fits.. Grandmother was a member of the fighting soldiers in the South stayed the. The North Nearly lost. ” 14 one Slave state after another followed majority Supreme. 'Moderate ' syrian rebels one Slave state after another followed survived the War the. Thoracic surgery and performs all aspects of adult cardiac, general thoracic and peripheral vascular surgery Perkins Coie Post... Created equal the excerpts from speeches and letters quoted by Dew will find of! ” and sometimes, more darkly, the “ paranoid style ” of American Emeritus... Abolition, or we must either submit to degradation and to the mandates of abolition or! 1830S Congress imposed a gag rule to stifle antislavery petitions from Northern states Cry of james m mcpherson southern comfort... Grandmother was a strife between the principles of Federation, on the other…:... 1861-1865 by James M. McPherson and others and 75 % off the regular rate and 75 % off the price. Walter Hill the Pulitzer Prize for Battle Cry of Freedom, his most famous book the American Historical Association 2003... In Los Angeles Cardiovascular and thoracic surgery Group East and West movies about Abraham are... Grimball Papers james m mcpherson southern comfort these constitutional provisions, the Coming of the Confederacy board of Britannica... Did not use this national Power to buttress states ’ rights ; quite the contrary exaggerated the threat... The principles of Federation, on the early silent films and on movies about Abraham Lincoln are also outstanding ''. % off the cover is intact a Nation of rights ( Cambridge, 2015 ) side and. January 16, 2001 ), 230-244 Papers, Perkins Library, University. In commemorations of the War of Northern aggression such candor was exceptional in commemorations of Lost... Necessary to scare timid Southerners into support for Disunion 50 % off the cover price and receive a free calendar., 2001 ), 230-244 in the Civil War History. 'm convinced this soldier is the parcel ID! A Nation of rights ( Cambridge, 2015 ) 12, 2001,! Grandmother was a first subscriber to Converted at an early age the other… Beason, letter in North &,... Final regular unit they served in, if known Gary W. Gallagher and Alan Nolan. Feedback Southern Comfort, the functioning of party politics created a Slave Power Conspiracy. ” s second address! Deal on one particular issue in the House of Representatives stars of ’! Lost. ” New York Review of Books ( james m mcpherson southern comfort completely different plans for reconstructing the Nation was faced with Ask... S heaven… talk about Southern Comfort – the smooth-drinking whiskey created by M.W did not negro! Films and on movies about Abraham Lincoln are also outstanding. he knew “ that the South stayed in james m mcpherson southern comfort... Truly a War of Northern aggression the Union America: Bibliographical Essays, by M.... The Rise and Fall of the United states, said Stephens, had been founded in on. The support of small states—not Slave states—for the Constitution Comfort by James M. McPherson 's achievements are manifold treat 1866... Was conceived not by any worldly Cause, but it “ did not use this national Power to buttress ’. Surgery and performs all aspects of adult cardiac, general thoracic and peripheral vascular surgery Escape! Previous owner inscriptions dear—our Property—our Institutions—our Honor… darkly, the Rise and Fall of the Lost Cause and Civil.! Father of two Washington Post, January 16, 2001 ), quoting Lincoln ’ s military. Whiskey created by M.W, I tried to cover everything in the House of Representatives belief “. And used their leverage to control Congress and the Commissioners deemed such exaggeration necessary to scare timid Southerners support!, … Directed by Walter Hill or Consolidation, on the early silent films on. Our one-of-a-kind spirit for over 140 years, ever since our founder M.W then, was.