The fact sheet explains the sources and impacts of excess nitrogen in the Sound, the plan to address the problem, progress to date and the extent of hypoxia in the estuary over the last 25 years. Stamford, CT 06902 Perhaps as many as 10,000-15,000 Indians live near Long Island Sound, harvesting bountiful fish and game along the shore and in interior forests. March 16, 2010 — Nearly half of the homes and businesses in the Long Island Sound watershed have septic tank waste disposal systems. Countless visitors flock to these soft sandy beaches every day. Scientists use locations that have long-term winter temperature readings across the Sound to make this assessment. A multiyear study will test water quality in more than two dozen bays and harbors from Connecticut to Long Island. Even on an overcast day, the Long Island Sound is beautiful, but how healthy is it? Nonpoint source pollution is polluted stormwater runoff containing sediment, fertilizers and pesticides, petroleum, heavy metals, and wastewater from failing septic systems. The nitrogen seeping into the bay from these tanks,,into The Sound, into The Peconic Bay, into all our bays, is what is rapidly killing all these bodies of water. The fact sheet explains the sources and impacts of excess nitrogen in the Sound, the plan to address the problem, progress to date and the extent of hypoxia in the estuary over the last 25 years. Connecticut Sea Grant, located at the UConn Avery Point campus, is a state and federal partnership through the UConn and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Sea Grant College Program. It is located in one of the most densely populated areas in the United States, particularly along the Nation's coastal areas, within the jurisdiction of two states, New York and Connecticut. The Long Island Sound is often referred to as the arm of the Atlantic Ocean. Specifically 25–35% of the tidal wetlands in the Sound have been dredged, filled, and developed over and hypoxia and eutrophication resulting from pollution have led to low dissolved oxygen levels (less that … This body of water separates the beauty of Long Island from the metropolis of New York City and Connecticut. An accessible version of the pdf can be downloaded here. Phone: 860-405-9128   Fax: 860-405-9109  Email: seagrant@uconn.edu. The Impact of Septic Systems on the Environment. “A Healthier Long Island Sound: Nitrogen Pollution” a four-page fact sheet published by the Long Island Sound Study and written by Judy Preston, Connecticut Sea Grant’s Long Island Sound outreach coordinator. More than 8 million people live in the Long Island Sound watershed and the activities that take place on and along the Sound – boating, fishing, tourism, and swimming – contribute an estimated $5.5 billion per year to the regional economy. Show More. Consider looking into aggregate data we have for Pollution in United States. The Atlantic Ocean/Long Island Sound Watershed drains most of the New York City Metropolitan Area and all of Long Island. Atmospheric deposition and stormwater runoff are two processes contributing to nonpoint source pollution, a term used to describe pollution that originates over a very large area and flows … Temperature in Long Island Sound is increasing at a rate of about about 1.8°F (1°C) per century. Logging And Land Conversion Activities For Agriculture And Palm Oil Plantation 1605 Words | 7 Pages. Countless visitors flock to these soft sandy beaches every day. Local researchers have found dangerous levels of aluminum and barium in Long Island water, soil and tree bark. 1281 Cove Rd The waves are literally overflowing with resources and information that not many people know about. To the west, The Bronx and Westchester County, New York connect to the East River. We need more contributors for Long Island, NY to increase our data quality. Long Island’s surface waters have been severely degraded due to our inability to address pollution caused by sewage, septic systems, cesspools and runoff. -An estuary that borders both CT and NY -Surrounded by the cities and seaports of New Haven, New London, NYC, Stamford and New Rochelle -Final destination for the Connecticut, Housatonic, Index; Pollution Index: 16.38: Pollution Exp Scale: 30.75: Pollution in Long Island, NY, United States. Do you live in Long Island, NY? Long Island Sound - Long Island's Salt Water Estuary, Get information about the Long Island Sound, Nassau County, Suffolk County, Long Island, New York The Sound's drainage basin is very large, extending from southern Canada to Long Island Sound and includes all of the streams and rivers that carry water to it. These people are working together to protect and improve the health of the Sound. In 2006, the Long Island Sound Study Policy Committee signed a second Memorandum of Understanding formally establishing a framework for the fund’s use. University of Connecticut - Avery Point,  Lowell P. Weicker Jr. Building People from across the political spectrum have embraced the fact that Long Island urgently needs a plan to fix its waste water problems. 30,000-50,000 boats are estimated to be out on the Sound on any given summer days – that’s a lot of people. Facilities with similar locations, climates, and operational elements may be able to modify operations to reduce nitrogen in discharges. (Long Island Sound Study). This calendar has no events scheduled at this time. It separates the borough of Queens on Long Island from the Bronx on the North American mainland, and also divides Manhattan from Queens and Brooklyn, which is also on Long Island. Scientists, politicians, and environmentalists gathered to explore and tackle the two main challenges … Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Analysis to Achieve Water Quality Standards for Dissolved Oxygen in Long Island Sound (PDF), December 2000, NYSDEC and CTDEP. The East River is a salt water tidal estuary in New York City.The waterway, which is actually not a river despite its name, connects Upper New York Bay on its south end to Long Island Sound on its north end. The potential costs, ecosystem service benefits, and broader applicability of innovative management strategies, such as the use of shellfish aquaculture as a nutrient management measure, are being evaluated in the specific context of two regional ecosystem restoration programs: Long Island Sound (Connecticut and New York) and the Great Bay/Piscataqua region (New Hampshire and southern … Your article on pollution in Long Island Sound [ ''Two Groups Forming on Sound Pollution,'' Sept. 27 ] was timely. To keep you up-to-date on your beloved beach getaways, here are some fun facts about Long Island Sound: Yes, I would like to receive emails from SoundWaters. Our websites may use cookies to personalize and enhance your experience. It also lies within the most densely populated region in the country. The Connecticut River at Old Saybrook, Connecticut connects to the sound. Long Island Sound/Dissolved Oxygen. When concentrations are extremely low fish and shellfish unable to flee may die. The US states of Connecticut (to the north) and Long Island, New York (to the south) share it. This biological function has been threatened by both terrestrial and chemical alterations resulting from urbanization of the area. These “dead zones” can force fish and invertebrates to scatter, and make others susceptible to disease. Connecticut Sea Grant College Program Long Island Sound Pollution by James Dever and Taylor Auer What is the Long Island Sound? Long Island is home to a lot more than just scenic beaches and great pizzerias; it is also host to hundreds of schools, several professional sports teams, many breweries and vineyards, and much more! Luckily, we have our many beaches in Stamford – and the greater Long Island Sound – to thank for these fun summer getaways. Response to Public Comments - Long Island Sound … 1080 Shennecossett Road,  Groton, Connecticut 06340 Long Island Sound sustains significant populations of fish and nurseries. It is in the United States. After reaching the ground, excess rainwater which is not absorbed washes soil and contaminants from the land into streams, lakes, rivers, and storm drains on the way to its final destination – Long Island Sound. With this hot summer reaching a peak, there is no better way to relax and get refreshed than to catch some rays at the beach and cool off in the water. Totaling 1,377 square miles of land area, Long Island New York is divided into four counties: Kings (Brooklyn), Queens, Nassau, and Suffolk. Preserving the Long Island Sound and All of Its Beauty by Preventing Pollution. When…. For more information, please see our University Websites Privacy Notice. We all see the algal blooms and what its … This entry was posted in Pubs and tagged Long Island Sound , Pubs-coastal-habitats , Pubs-long-island-sound . Some content on this website may require the use of a plug-in, such as Adobe Acrobat Viewer or Microsoft Word. As seas rise, communities can turn retreat into opportunity, Bipartisan bill to provide $483M for Sea Grant passes house, In the Lyme woods, a reminder of a diverse past, Shellfish farmers stay afloat with innovation, financial aid, Applications now being received for 2022 Knauss fellowship, Cost-efficient Climate Adaption in the North Atlantic, An accessible version of the pdf can be downloaded here. The Long Island Sound Biological Nutrient Removal Project serves as a model for other secondary treatment plants that discharge into Long Island Sound. Long Island Sound is Connecticut’s largest and most important natural resource. Earlier this week, NYLCVEF hosted a forum at Stony Brook University to discuss this issue that has been over 45 years in the making. The Long Island Sound is an estuary of the Atlantic Ocean. Phone: 203 323 1978 NPS pollution enters Long Island Sound from throughout its drainage basin, or watershed. The fact that most of the residents. This process is called storm-water runoff. Long Island Sound is an estuary approximately 110 miles long (east to west) and 21 miles across at its widest point, and covers an area of 1320 square miles with 600 miles of coastline. The science is speaking for itself – 500,000 septic tanks, 360,000 in Suffolk. Learn More ), The Sound has two high tides and two low tides every day, At least 50 different species utilize this special estuary for their annual spawning grounds, There are approximately 120 species of finfish living in the Sound throughout the year, As much as 95% of the Connecticut population lives within 50 miles of Long Island Sound. Located in the Southeast corner of New York State, the watershed encompasses all marine waters in New York Harbor, Long Island Sound, Block Island Sound, and along the South Shore of Long Island, and the fresh waters that drain into them. Fax: 203 967 8306, https://soundwaters.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/imgres-3.jpg, https://soundwaters.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/SOUNDWATERS_LOGO_HORIZ_POS.png, Long Island Sound is a tidal estuary, which is an body of water consisting of both fresh and salt water, 90% of the freshwater comes from three main rivers in Connecticut: the Housatonic, the Thames, and the Connecticut rivers, The saltwater flows in from the Atlantic Ocean, The total area of the Sound is ~1,300 square miles, LIS stretches from New York City to southern Westchester County, CT, and the northern shores of Long Island, The Sound is roughly 21 miles wide at the widest point, and 113 miles long, Waters reach between 60- to a whopping 350-feet deep at a channel known as “the Race”, The average depth is 63-feet in the center of the Sound, There is an estimated 18 trillion gallons of water in the Sound (enough to supply NYC with water for 33 years! Add data for Long Island, NY . By continuing without changing your cookie settings, you agree to this collection. Long Island Sound. These pollutants are often carried by runoff to streams, rivers, and Long Island Sound. If a different plug-in is required, it will be noted. Long Island Sound has been called the “URBAN SEA”… Excess levels of nitrogen plaguing Long Island waterways has resulted in several mass fish kills, shellfish losses, harmful algal blooms, wetlands destruction, and more. (You can unsubscribe anytime), Cove Island Park Related. So many of us cherish the opportunity to swim, boat, fish, and frolic in the waters of Long Island Sound, but there are some key facts that we may be missing out on. Long Island Sound site study. Hypoxia, low levels of oxygen, plague coastal waters, including Long Island Sound, every summer. If these issues are not corrected, the impacts on the Island’s fishing and tourism industries and general quality of life could be significant. 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